Ultrasonography, commonly known as sonography, is an effective method to produce exact visual images of the human musculature, ligaments and joints. A major advantage of the medical diagnostic sonography employed at the OrthoCenter in Germany is that the functionality of affected tissue and joint areas can be assessed. Ligament ruptures, haemorrhages, cysts and bursitises can be visually depicted.
Medical diagnostic sonography is especially important in the field of sports medicine, for hip diagnosis in newborns, in the field of rheumatology and in the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative joint diseases. Thanks to modern ultrasound technology the orthopaedic specialists at the OrthoCenter in Munich are able to perform sonographically guided injections into the joint.
Advantages of sonography:
- painless examinations
- optimal visual representation of joint sections
- no exposure to radiation
- dynamic examinations
In this clinic x-ray examinations are only conducted if absolutely necessary, such as when the possibility of a fracture needs to be ruled out by your orthopaedic specialist in Munich.
X-ray photographs are also very helpful to assess the extent of joint abrasion. This enables your orthopaedic specialist in Munich to accurately diagnose the severity of diseases. In addition, x-rays are often necessary in patients with a developmental anomaly of the bone or to effectively plan a surgical procedure.
Magnetic resonance imaging is a diagnostic imaging procedure that is used to show the structure and function of tissues and organs in the body. It is based on the physical principles of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), in particular the field gradient NMR, and is therefore also known as magnetic resonance imaging. The well-to-find abbreviation MRI comes from the English term Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
Numerous specific MRI techniques have been developed out of position and shape of organs and information about their microstructure and to be able to function (especially their blood) represent, for example:
- the real-time MRI for cinematic representation of moving joints or organs (eg. heart)
- magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) to display the vessels
- functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI or fMRI) of the brain
- the perfusion MRI for the investigation of tissue perfusion
- the diffusion and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) for a virtual reconstruction of nerve fiber connections
- MR elastography
Computed tomography and computed tomography (CT abbreviation) is an imaging technique in radiology.
In contrast to X-ray tomography in computed tomography using a computer is absolutely necessary in order to produce cross-sectional images from the raw data can – hence the name. Computer-based analysis of a variety, taken from different directions radiographs of an object-sectional images are generated.
Blood analysis for evaluation of orthopedic diseases
There are some orthopedic disorders that can be diagnosed among others with an examination of the blood. Thus, for example a bacterial infection or a disease of the rheumatic diseases are detected. A variety of orthopedic-related metabolic diseases such as Gout can also be diagnosed by blood tests.